Snow Sports

Snow Sports

Ski and snowboard school programs: Injury surveillance and risk factors for grade-specific injury

Sran R, Djerboua M, Romanow N, Mitra T, Russell K, White K, Goulet C, Emery C, Hagel B

Scand J Med Sci Sports May 2018


Who participated in this study?

Children and adolescents who participated in ski and snowboard school programs

When did this study occur?

Winter 2013-2014

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the profile, severity and grade-specific incidence of ski and snowboard-related injuries in school program participants

What did we find?

Participants in grades 1 to 3 experienced the lowest rates of injury overall with no severe injuries, while grades 7 to 12 had the highest rates of injury. Overall the findings suggest that school programs are a safe way to introduce children and youth to skiing and snowboarding.

Publication

Feature-specific terrain park-injury rates and risk factors in snowboarders: a case-control study

Russell K, Meeuwisse WH, Nettel-Aguirre A, Emery CA, Wishart J, Romanow NT, Rowe BH, Goulet C, Hagel BE

Br J Sports Med January 2014


Who participated in this study?

Snowboarders injured in an Alberta resort terrain park

When did this study occur?

2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons

Why did we do this research?

To determine overall and feature specific injury rates and potential risk factors for terrain park injuries

What did we find?

Higher injury rates for aerial features or features with large drops to the ground.

Publication

Comparing the characteristics of snowboarders injured in a terrain park

Russell K, Meeuwisse W, Nettel-Aguirre A, Emery CA, Wishart J, Romanow NT, Rowe BH, Hagel BE

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot June 2013


Who participated in this study?

Snowboarders injured in an Alberta resort terrain park

When did this study occur?

2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons

Why did we do this research?

To determine overall and feature specific injury rates and potential risk factors for terrain park injuries

What did we find?

Higher injury rates for aerial features or features with large drops to the ground.

Publication

Characteristics of injuries sustained by snowboarders in a terrain park

Russell K, Meeuwisse W, Nettel-Aguirre A, Emery CA, Wishart J, Romanow NT, Rowe BH, Goulet C, Hagel BE

Clin J Sport Med May 2013


Who participated in this study?

333 snowboarders injured on a terrain park feature at an Alberta resort

When did this study occur?

2008-2009 and 2009-2010 snowboard season

Why did we do this research?

To determine injured body regions and injury type from snowboarding on terrain park features

What did we find?

Snowboarders were significantly more likely to sustain head/neck or truck injuries than upper extremity injuries on aerial features

Publication

Skiing and Snowboarding Injuries in the Children and Adolescents of Southern Alberta

Hagel BE, Meeuwisse WH, Mohtadi NGH, Fick HG

Clin J Sport Med January 1999


Who participated in this study?

Youth in Calgary, aged 11-18 years

When did this study occur?

1996-1997 ski season

Why did we do this research?

To identify injuries and profile the characteristics of injured skiers and snowboarders

What did we find?

The lower extremity in skiers and the upper extremity in snowboarders were most susceptible to injury. A cause for concern is the many head injuries of young make ski/snowboarders

Publication

Injuries in cross-country skiing: a critical appraisal of the literature

Smith M, Matheson GO, Meeuwisse WH

Sports Med March 1996


Who participated in this study?

All cross country skiers

When did this study occur?

Published March 1996

Why did we do this study?

To examine the factors associated with causes, frequency, location and types of cross-country skiing injuries

What did we find?

The most common injuries are MCL knee sprains and UCL thumb sprains. Overuse and cold injuries (e.g. hypothermia and frostbite) appear to be common. In general, cross-country skiing is relatively safe and a sutiable activity for physical fitness and rehabilitation

Publication

Lumbosacral dysfunctions in elite cross-country skiers

Lindsay DM, Meeuwisse WH, Vyse A, Mooney ME, Summersides J

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther November 1993


Who participated in this study?

18 elite cross-country skiers and 15 normal subjects

When did this study occur?

Published November 1993

Why did we do this research?

To examine the difference in lumbosacral physical assessments between elite skiers and normal controls

What did we find?

The predominant use of asymmetrical ski-skating techniques may play an influential role in the pathogenesis of SI joint dysfunction in elite cross-country skiers

Publication

Life- and limb- threatening injuries in alpine skiing

Stanley RL, Meeuwisse WH

Clin J Sport Med July 1991


Who participated in this study?

Skiers from Blackcombe and Whistler Mountain resorts

When did this study occur?

1989-1990 ski season

Why did we do this research?

To examine the occurrence of serious (life- and limb-threatening) injuries

What did we find?

There were 4.1 injuries in 100,000 skier-days. There were 11 head injuries, 3 isolated cervical spine fractures, 9 chest injuries, and 26 life- or limb-threatening fractures or dislocations

Publication

Tibial plateau fractures in alpine skiing

McConkey JP, Meeuwisse W

Am J Sports Med March/April 1988


Who participated in this study?

Skiers who suffered tibial plateau fractures

When did this study occur?

Between 1977 and 1986

Why did we do this research?

To examine cases of tibial plateau fractures

What did we find?

Fracture patterns were diverse and displacement minimal. Diagnosis may require acute awareness and special imaging test. Early detection and treatment is important for best recovery.

Publication