Integrative Oncology Publications (including Mindfulness)



  1. Carlson LE. (2022) Psychosocial and Integrative Oncology: Interventions Across the Disease Trajectory. Annual Review Psychology. 2022 Sep 14. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-032620-031757. Link
  2. Oberoi D*, Reed EN, Landmann J, Piedalue K-A*, Carlson LE. (2022) Exploring Patient Experience and Acceptability of Group vs. Individual Acupuncture for Cancer-related Pain: A Qualitative Study. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies. (June 2022) 22:155 Doi: 10.1186/s12906-022-03600-6 View.
  3. Rao S, Paller CJ, Lopez AM, MacLeod j, Bao T, Carlson LE. (2022) The Society for Integrative Oncology: Two Decades of Global Leadership in Evidence-Based Integrative Health Care. Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine. Aug 2022; Link.
  4. Carlson LE, Karim S, Labelle L. (2022) The ACTION Centre as a Model for Patient Engagement and Knowledge Translation in Integrative Oncology Practice, Training and Research. Integrative Cancer Therapy. May 2022; doi: 10.1177/15347354221103277 View.
  5. Witt CM, Balneaves LG, Carlson LE, Cohen M, Deng G, Fouladbakhsh J, Kinney AY, Mehta A, Mailman J, Pole L, Rogge AA, O’Toole C, Zick SM, Helmer SM. (2022) Education Competencies for Integrative Oncology – Results of a Systematic Review and an International and Interprofessional Consensus Procedure. Journal of Cancer Education. (2022) 37:499-507. DOI: 10.1007/s13187-020-01829-8 View.
  6. Gentile D, Beeler D, Wang XS, Ben-Arye E, Zick S, Bao T, Carlson LE, Ghelman R, Master VA, Tripathy D, Zhi IW. (2022) Cancer-Related Fatigue Outcome Measures in Integrative Oncology: Evidence for Practice and Research Recommendations. Oncology. May 2022, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p276-287.12p. doi: 10.46883/2022.25920958. Link
  7. Bergerot CD, Malhotra J, Bergerot PG, Philip EJ, Govindarajan A, Salgia S, Hsu J, Matos JN, MolinA LN, Vaconcellos F, Muddasani R, Chawla NS, Vastro DV, Chehrazi-Raffle A, Saab B, Carlson LE. (2022) Prospective assessment of a smartphone-app based mindfulness program for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Journal of Clinical Oncology. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2022.40.6_suppl.324
  8. Pereira D, Silva ER, Carvalho-Maia C, Monteiro-Reis S, Lourenço C, Calisto R, Teixeira RJ, Carlson LE, Bart G, Vainio SJ, Goreti M, Sales F, Jerónimo C, Henrique R. (2021) The modulatory role of internet-supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on extracellular vesicles and psychological distress in people who have had cancer: A protocol for a two-armed randomized controlled study. Bio Med Central (BMC). DOI: View.


  1. Birling Y, Nevitt S, Bhuyan DJ, Jia M, Feng F, Carlson LE, Pham T, Liu J, Ayati Z, Nyiam L, Yu Z, Fahey P. (2021) Mind-Body Therapies for Cancer Patients Living with Depression, Anxiety or Insomnia (MIRACLE): A Systematic Review with Individual Participant Data Network Meta-Analysis. MDPI Methods and Protocols. 2021, 4, 76. View.
  2. Baydoun M*, Moran C*, McLennan A*, Piedalue KA*, Oberoi D*, Carlson LE. (2021) Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Cancer Survivors : A Systematic Review of Participants’ Adherence to Home Practice. Dovepress – Patient Preference and Aherence.  2021; 15: 1225–1242. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S267064 View.
  3. Oberoi D*, Martopullo C, Bultz B, Carlson LE. (2021) The effectiveness of a men-only supportive expressive group therapy intervention for psychosocial health outcomes in gastrointestinal cancer patients: a 6-month longitudinal study. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2021 Feb 5;19(1):47. doi: 10.1186/s12955-021-01687-y. PMID: 33546718; PMCID: PMC7866473. View.
  4. Oberoi DV*, Longo CJ, Reed EN*, Landmann J, Piedalue KL*, Carlson LE. (2021) Cost-Utility of Group Versus Individual Acupuncture for Cancer-Related Pain Using Quality-Adjusted Life Years in a Noninferiority Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2021 May;27(5):390-397. doi: 10.1089/acm.2020.0386. Epub 2021 Apr 27. PMID: 33904784. View.


  1. Garland S N, Johnson J A, Carlson LE, Rash, J A, Savard J, Campbell T S. (2020) Light therapy for insomnia symptoms in fatigued cancer survivors: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology Research and Practice. e (2020) 2:3(e27) 18 September 2020. View.
  2. Toivonen, K.*, Hermann, M., White, J., Speca, M., Carlson L.E. (2020) A Mixed-Method, Multi-Perspective Investigation to Barriers to Participation in Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recover. Mindfulness. View.
  3. Witt CM, Balneaves LG, Carlson LE, Cohen M, Deng G, Fouladbakhsh JM, Kinney AY, Mehta A, Mailman J, Pole L, Rogge AA, O'Toole C, Zick SM, Helmer SM. (2020) Education Competencies for Integrative Oncology-Results of a Systematic Review and an International and Inter professional Consensus Procedure. Journal of Cancer Education. 2020 Aug;11. DOI: 10.1007/s13187-020-01829-8 View.
  4. Drogos L, Toivonen K*, Labelle L, Campbell T, Carlson LE. (2020) No Effect of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery on Cardiovascular or Cortisol Reactivity in Female Cancer Survivors. Journal of Behavioural Medicine. 2020 Aug;08 Doi: 10.1007/s10865-020-00167-w. View.
  5. Baydoun M.*, Oberoi D*., Flynn M.*, Moran C*., McLennan A*., Piedalue K.L*., & Carlson L.E. (2020). Effects of Yoga-based Interventions on Cancer-Associated Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review. Current Oncology Reports. 2020 Jul 28;22(10):100. doi: 10.1007/s11912-020-00960-5. View.
  6. Oberoi D*,Piedalue KL*, Pirbhai H*, Guirguis S, Santa Mina D, Carlson LE. (2020). Factors related to dropout in integrative oncology clinical trials: Interim analysis of an ongoing comparative effectiveness trial of mindfulness-based cancer recovery and Taichi/Qigong for cancer health (The MATCH study). BMC Research Notes (2020) 13:342 View.
  7. Reed, E. N.,* Landmann, J., Oberoi, O.,*, Piedalue, K-A.*, Faris, P., Carlson, L. E. (2020) Group versus Individual Acupuncture (AP) for Cancer Pain: A randomized non-inferiority trial. Hindawi, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, April 13, 2020, Volume 2020, Article ID 7209548. View.


  1. Carlson LE, Toivonen K*, Subnis U*. (2019). Integrative Approaches to Stress Management. The Cancer Journal. Sep/Oct;25 25(5): 329-336. View.
  2. Carlson, L.E, Subnis, U.B.*, Piedalue, K.L.*, Vallerand, J.,* Speca, M., Lupichuk, S., Tang, P., Faris, P.,Wolever, R.Q. (2019). The ONE‐MIND Study: Rationale and protocol for assessing the effects of ONlinE MINDfulness‐based cancer recovery for the prevention of fatigue and other common side effects during chemotherapy. European Journal of Cancer Care. View. 
  3. Carlson, L.E., Bao T., Balneaves LG. Methodology Flaws and Implication of a Complementary Medicine Study. JAMA Oncology. Published online January 24, 2019. View.


  1. Carlson, L.E., Oberoi, D.*, Qureshi, M.*, Subnis, U*. (2018). Intergrative oncology trials in the real world: Assessing the pragmatism of ongoing integrative oncology trial of mindfulness and t'ai chi/qigong. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. View
  2. Carlson, L.E. (2018). Uptake of mindfulness-based interventions: a phenomenon of wealthy white western women?. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. View
  3. Compen, F.R., Bisseling, E., Schellekens, M., Donders, R., Carlson, L.E., Van der Lee, M., Speckens, A.. (2018). Face-to-face and individual internet-based Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy compared to Treatment As Usual in reducing psychological distress in cancer patients: a multicenter randomized control trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2018 Jun 28: doi: 10.1200/JCO.2017.76.5669. View
  4. Carlson, L.E. (2018). Distress Management through Mind-Body Therapies in Oncology. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. View
  5. Carlson LE, Toivonen K*, Flynn M*, Deleemans J*, Piedalue KA*, Tolsdorf E*, Subnis U*. (2018) The role of Hypnosis in Cancer Care. Current Oncology. 2018 Nov 13;20(12):93. Doi:10.1007/s11912-018-0739-1. View. 
  6. Toivonen, K. I.*, Tamagawa, R.*, Speca, M., Stephen, J., & Carlson, L. E. (2018). Open to Exploration: Association of personality factors with Complementary Therapy Use after Breast Cancer Treatment. Integrative Cancer Therapies. View.


  1. Carlson, L.E., Rouleau, C.R., Speca, M., Robinson, J., Bultz, B.D. (2017).Brief supportive-expressive group therapy for partners of men with early stage prostate cancer: lessons learned from a negative randomized controlled trial. Support Care Cancer (2017). doi:10.1007/s00520-016-3551-1 View
  2. Carlson, L.E. (2017) Mindfulness and Cancer Care: Easing Emotional and Physical Suffering. Alternative and Complementary Therapies. October 2017;23(5);167-170. DOI:10.1089/act.2017.29127.ka View
  3. Toivonen, K. I., Zernicke, K. A., & Carlson, L. E. Web-Based Mindfulness Interventions for People with Physical Health Conditions. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2017 Aug 31; 19(8):e303. Doi: 10.2196/jmir.7487 View
  4. Carlson, L.E., Zelinkski, E., Toivonen, K., Flynn M., Qureshi, M., Piedalue, K.A., & Grant, R. Mind-Body Therapies in Cancer: What is the Latest Evidence? Current Oncology Reports. 2017 Aug 18;19(10):67. Doi: 10.1007/s11912-017-0626-1. View 
  5. Carlson LE, Zelinski EL, Speca M, Balneaves LG, Jones JM, Santa Mina D, Wayne PM, Campbell TS, Giese-Davis J, Faris P, Zwicker J, Patel K, Beattie TL, Cole S, Toivonen K, Nation J, Peng P, Thong B, Wong R, Vohra S. Protocol for the MATCH study (Mindfulness and Tai Chi for cancer health): A preference-based multi-site randomized comparative effectiveness trial (CET) of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) vs. Tai Chi/Qigong (TCQ) for cancer survivors. Contemp Clin Trials. 2017 Aug;59:64-76. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2017.05.015. Epub 2017 May 30. PMID: 28576734 View 
  6. Greenlee, H, DuPont-Reyes, M.J., Balneaves, L.G., Carlson, L.E., Cohen, M.R., Deng, G., Johnson, J.A., Mumber, M., Seely, D., Zick, S.M., Boyce, L.M., Tripathy, D. (2017). Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Evidence-Based Use of Integrative Therapies During and After Breast Cancer Treatment. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 2017 doi: 10.3322/caac.21397 Available online at View


  1. Tomfohr-Madsen, L.M., Campbell, T.S., . Giesbrecht, G.F., Letourneau, N.L., Carlson, L.E., Madsen, J.W., Dimidjian, S. (2016).Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for psychological distress in pregnancy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2016, 17:498. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-016-1601-0. View
  2. Schellekens, M.P.J., Tamagawa, R., Labelle, L.E., Speca, M., Stephen, J.,  Drysdale, E.,  Sample, S., Pickering, B.,  Dirkse, D.,  Savage, L.L., Carlson, L.E., (2016). Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) versus Supportive Expressive Group Therapy (SET) for distressed breast cancer survivors: evaluating mindfulness and social support as mediators. J Behav Med DOI 10.1007/s10865-016-9799-6. Published online October 8, 2016. View
  3. Johnson, J.A., Garland, S.N., Carlson, L.E., Savard, J., Simpson, S.A., Ancoli-Israel, S., Campell, T.S. (2016). The LITE study: Rationale and protocol for a randomized controlled trial of light therapy for cancer-related fatigue in cancer survivors. Contemporary Clinical Trials 49 (2016) 166–173 View
  4. Carlson, L.E., Tamagawa, R., Stephen, J., Drysdale, E., Zhong, L., Speca, M. (2016). Randomized-controlled trial of mindfulness-based cancer recovery versus supportive expressive group therapy among distressed breast cancer survivors(MINDSET): long-term follow-up results. Psycho-Oncology (2016), DOI: 10.1002/pon.4150.View
  5. Zernicke, K.A., Campbell, T.S., Speca, M., Ruff, K.M., Flowers, S., Tamagawa, R., Carlson, L.E. (2016).The eCALM Trial: eTherapy for Cancer Applying Mindfulness. Exploratory Analyses of the Associations Between Online Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery Participation and Changes in Mood, Stress Symptoms, Mindfulness, Posttraumatic Growth, and Spirituality. Mindfulness, DOI 10.1007/s12671-016-0545-5. 2016.View
  6. Pollard, A., Burchell, J.L., Castle, D., Neilson, K., Ftanou, M., Corry, J., Rischin, D., Kissane, D., Krishnasamy, M., Carlson, L.E., & Couper, J. (2016).Individualized Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy for Curative Intent: A Descriptive Pilot Study. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2016 Mar 7. doi: 10.1111/ecc. 12474[Epub ahead of print]View
  7. Carlson, L.(2016). Mindfulness-based interventions for coping with cancer. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. ISSN 0077-8923
  8. Carlson, L.(2016). Book chapter: Meditation and Physical Health.The Psychology of Meditation: Research and Practice. Edited by Michael A. West, Oxford, University Press,Jan,2016. 


  1. Carlson, L. E.(2015). Invited Commentary: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory: Putting a name to observed clinical process and outcomes of mindfulness training. Psychological Inquiry. 26(4): 322-325. View
  2. Carlson, L. E.(2015). Invited Commentary on "Mindfulness Meditation for Younger Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial". Breast Diseases: A Yearbook Quarterly. 26(4): 294-296. 
  3. Carlson, L.E. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical Conditions: A Selective Review. In Handbook of Mindfulness: Theory, Research, and Practice (p. Ch 22). New York, NY: Guilford Press. ISBN 9781462519071 View
  4. Garland, S. N., Rouleau, C. R., Campbell, T., Samuels, C., & Carlson, L. E. (2015). The Comparative Impact of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) on Sleep and Mindfulness in Cancer Patients. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. 2015 Aug 20. pii: S1550-8307(15)00148-2. View
  5. Rouleau, C.R., Garland, S.N., & Carlson, L.E. (2015). The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on symptom burden, positive psychological outcomes, and biomarkers in cancer patients. Cancer Management and Research. 2015(7), 121-131. View
  6. King, N., Balneaves, L.G., Levin, G.T., Nguyen, T., Nation, J.G., Card, C., Truant, T., & Carlson, L.E. (2015). Surveys of Cancer Patients and Cancer Health Care Providers Regarding Complementary Therapy Use, Communication, and Information Needs. Integrative Cancer Therapies. Published online before print June 11 2015 doi:10.1177/1534735415589984 View
  7. Hong, G., White, J., Zhong, L., & Carlson, L.E. (2015). Survey of policies and guidelines on antioxidant use for cancer prevention, treatment, and survivorship in North American cancer centers: What do institutions perceive as evidence? Integrative Cancer Therapies, 14(4), 305-317. DOI: 10.1177/1534735415572884 View
  8. Tamagawa, R., Speca, M., Stephen, J., Pickering, B., Lawlor-Savage, L., & Carlson, L.E. (2015). Predictors and Effects of Class Attendance and Home Practice of Yoga and Meditation Among Breast Cancer Survivors in a Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) Program. Mindfulness (January 2015): 1. DOI: 10.1007/s12671-014-0381-4. View.
  9. White, J., Quinn, M., Garland, S., Dirkse, D., Wiebe, P., Hermann, M., & Carlson, L.E. (2015). Animal Assisted Therapy and counseling support for women with breast cancer: an exploration of patient’s perceptions. Integrative Cancer Therapies. 2015: 1-8, DOI: 10.1177/1534735415580678. View.


  1. Carlson, L. E., R. Tamagawa, J. Stephen, R. Doll, P. Faris, D. Dirkse, and M. Speca. (2014). Tailoring Mind-Body Therapies to Individual Needs: Patients' Program Preference and Psychological Traits as Moderators of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery and Supportive-Expressive Therapy in Distressed Breast Cancer Survivors. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr (2014)2014 (50): 308-314. doi:10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu034 View 
  2. Carlson, L.E., Beattie, T.L. Giese-Davis, J., Faris, P., Tamagawa, R., Fick, L.J., Degelman, E.S. & Speca, M. (2014). Mindfulness-based cancer recovery and supportive-expressive therapy maintain telomere length relative to controls in distressed breast cancer survivors. Cancer, 2015Feb1: 121(3): 476-484. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.29063 View
  3. Greenlee, H., Balneaves, L.G., Carlson, L.E., Cohen, M., Deng, G., Hershman, D., Mumber, M., Perlmutter, J., Seely, D., Sen, A., Zick, S., & Tripathy, D. (2014). Clinical practice guidelines on the use of integrative therapies as supportive care associated with breast cancer treatment. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr (2014)2014 (50): 346-358. doi:10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu041 View 
  4. Labelle, L.E., Campbell, T.S., Faris, P., and Carlson, L.E. (2014). Mediators of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR): Assessing the Timing and Sequence of Change in Cancer Patients. J Clin Psychol. 2015 Jan;71(1):21-40. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22117. Epub 2014 Aug 5. View
  5. Garland, S.N, Carlson, L.E. , Stephens, A.J., Antle, M.C., Samuels, C., and Campbell, T.S., (2014). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Compared With Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Insomnia Comorbid With Cancer: A Randomized, Partially Blinded, Noninferiority Trial. JCO. 2014Feb10; 32(5): 449-57. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2012.47.7265 View
  6. Speca, M., Carlson, L.E., Mackenzie, M.J., & Angen, M. (2014). Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery: An Adaptation of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Cancer Patients. In Baer, R.A (Ed). Mindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches (Second Edition). Academic Press: Elsevier, San Diego, CA. pp. 293-316. ISBN: 9780124160316 View
  7. Zernicke, K.A., Carlson, L.E. , Campell, T.S., Speca, M., Mccabe-Ruff , M., Flowers, S. (2014). A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial of Feasibility and Efficacy of an Online Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery Program: The eTherapy for Cancer Applying Mindfulness Trial. Psychosomatic Medicine 76(4):257-67. doi: 10.1097/PSY.000000000000005 View
  8. Mackenzie, M.J., Carlson, L.E. , Paskevich, D.M., Ekkekakis, P., Wurz, A.J., Wytsma, K, Krenz, K.A., McAuley, E, Culos-Reed, S.N. (2014). Associations between attention, affect and cardiac activity in a single yoga session for female cancer survivors: An enactive neurophenomenology-based approach. Consciousness and Cognition 2014. July 2014(27), 129-146. http// View
  9. Garland, S.N, Johnson, J.A., Savard, J., Gehrman, P., Perlis, M., Carlson, L.E. and Campbell, T.S. (2014). Sleeping well with cancer: a systematic review of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in cancer patients. Neuropsychiatric Treat. 2014 Jun 18;10:1113-24. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S47790. eCollection 2014. View
  10. Labelle, L.E., Lawlor-Savage, L., Campbell, T.S., Faris, P. and Carlson, L.E.  (2014) . Does self-report mindfulness mediate the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on spirituality and posttraumatic growth in cancer patients? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014, 10(2), 153-166. http// View


  1. Carlson, L.E. (2013). FEATURE : Mindfulness-based cancer recovery, The development of an evidence-based psychosocial oncology intervention. Oncology Exchange, May 2013. 12(2): 21-25.  View  
  2. Carlson, L.E. (2013). Mind-Body Therapies for Cancer Patients. Overview and Focus for Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery. Pneireview, 2013(2), 35-42. 
  3. Carlson, L.E. , Doll, R., Stephen, J., Faris, P., Tamagawa, R., Drysdale, R., and Speca, M., (2013) . Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery Versus Supportive Expressive Group Therapy for Distressed Survivors of Breast Cancer (MINDSET). JCO,2013 Sep 1;31(25):3119-26, 2013.View
  4. Tamagawa, R., Giese-Davis, J., Speca, M., Doll, R., Stephen, J., and Carlson, L.E. (2013) . Trait Mindfulness, Repression, Suppression, and Self-Reported Mood and Stress Symptoms Among Women With Breast Cancer. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2013 Mar;69(3):264-77. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21939. Epub 2012 Dec 20. View
  5. Carlson, L.E. (2013). Book review: Applying wisdom and compassion in therapy: two wings of a bird. A review of:  Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: deeping mindfulness in clinical practice. PsycCritiques (1554-0138), Jan 23, 2013, Vol.58, release4, Article3. View
  6. Jones, P., Blunda, M., Biegel, G., Carlson, L.E., Biel, M., Wiener, L. (2013). Can Mindfulness-based interventions help adolescents with cancer? Psycho-Oncology 2013 Sep;22(9):2148-51. doi: 10.1002/pon.3251. Epub 2013 Feb 18. View
  7. Zernicke, K., Campbell, T., Speca, M., McCabe-Ruff, K., Flowers, S., Dirkse, D., & Carlson, L.E. (2013). The eCALM Trial - eTherapy for cancer appLying mindfulness: online mindfulness-based cancer recovery program for underserved individuals living with cancer in Alberta: protocol development for a randomized wait-list controlled clinical trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 13:34. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-34 View
  8. Garland, S.N., Campell, T., Samuels, C., Carlson, L.E., (2013). Dispositional mindfulness, insomnia, sleep quality and dysfunctional sleep beliefs in post-treatment cancer patients. Personality and Individual Differences. July2013: 55(3): 306-311. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.03.003 View 
  9. Mackenzie, M.J., Carlson, L.E., Ekkekakis, P.,Paskevich,D.M., and Culos-Reed, S.N. (2013). Affect and Mindfulness as Predictors of Change in Mood Disturbance, Stress Symptoms, and Quality of Life in a Community-Based Yoga Program for Cancer Survivors. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013(2013): 1-13. doi: http//  View 


  1. Zernicke, K.A., Campbell, T.S., Blustein, P.K., Fung, T.S., Johnson, J.A., Bacon, S.L., & Carlson, L.E. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms: A randomized wait-list controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2013 Sep;20(3):385-96. doi: 10.1007/s12529-012-9241-6. View
  2. Zernicke, K.A., Lawlor-Savage, L., Lounsberry, J., Zhong, L., Blustein, P.K., Campbell, T.S., & Carlson, L.E. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction improves distress in two different chronic illnesses. Journal of Behavioural Health, 1(3), 201-208. DOI: View
  3. Garland, S.N., Tamagawa, R., Todd, S.C., Speca, M., Carlson, L.E. (2012). Increased mindfulness is related to improved stress and mood following participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program in individuals with cancer. Integrative Cancer Therapies 2013 Jan;12(1):31-40. doi: 10.1177/1534735412442370. Epub 2012 Apr 13. View
  4. Tamagawa, R., Garland, S. N., Vaska, M., & Carlson, L. E. (2012). Who benefits from psychosocial interventions? A systematic review of psychological moderators for outcomes of psychosocial interventions among cancer patients. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2012 Dec;35(6):658-73. doi: 10.1007/s10865-012-9398-0. Epub 2012 Jan 22. View
  5. Carlson.L.E (2012). Mindfulness-Based interventions for physical conditions: A narrative review evaluating levels of evidence. ISRN Psychiatry 2012(2012): 1-21.  doi: 10.5402/2012/651583. View


  1. Campbell, T.S., Labelle, L. E., Bacon, S. L., Faris, P., & Carlson, L. E. (2011). Impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on attention, rumination and resting blood pressure in women with cancer: A waitlist-controlled study. Journal of Behavioural Medicine 2012 Jun;35(3):262-71. doi: 10.1007/s10865-011-9357-1. Epub 2011 Jun 12. View
  2. Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Antle, M., Samuels, C., & Campbell, T. (2011). I-CAN SLEEP: Rationale and Design of a non-inferiority RCT of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for the treatment of Insomnia in CANcer survivors. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 32. Impact Factor 1.82 doi:10.1016/j.cct.2011.05.014 View
  3. Carlson, L.E. & Halifax, J. (2011). Mindfulness for cancer and terminal illness. In McCracken, L.M. (Ed). Mindfulness and Acceptance in Behavioral Medicine: Current Theory and Practice. pp. 159-186. New Harbinger, Oakland, CA. ISBN-13: 978-1572247314 View


  1. Birnie, K., Speca, M. & Carlson, L.E. (2010). Exploring self-compassion and empathy in the context of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Stress & Health 26(5), 359-371. doi: 10.1002/smi.1305 View
  2. Birnie, K., Garland, S.N., Carlson, L.E. (2010) Brief Report: Psychological benefits of cancer patients and their partners participating in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Psycho-oncology 2010 Sep;19(9):1004-9. doi: 10.1002/pon.1651. View
  3. Carlson, L.E. & Speca, M. (2010). Mindfulness based cancer recovery: A step-by-step MBSR approach to help you cope with treatment and reclaim your life. New Harbinger Publications Inc. Oakland, CA Order from Amazon now!
  4. Carlson, L.E. (2010). Meditation and Yoga. In Holland, J., Breitbart, W.S., Jacobsen, P.B., Lederberg, M.S., Loscalzo, M.J., McCorkle, R. (Eds) Psycho-oncology (2nd Edition). Oxford University Press. New York, NY. pp429-439 ISBN-13: 978-0195367430 View
  5. Labelle, L.E., Campbell, T.S., Carlson, L.E. (2010). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in oncology: Evaluating mindfulness and rumination as mediators of change in depressive symptoms. Mindfulness 2010Mar12: 1(1), 28-40 DOI: 10.1007/s12671-010-0005-6 View


  1. Ospina, M.B., Bond, K., Karkaneh, M., Buscemi, N., Dryden, D., Barnes, V., Carlson, L.E., Dusek, J.A., Shannahoff-Khalsa, D. (2009). Clinical trials of meditation practices in healthcare: characteristics and quality. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 14(10), 11999-1213 View
  2. Bond, K.T., Ospina, M.B., Hooton, N., Bialy, L., Dryden, D., Buscemi, N., Shannahoff-Khalsa, D., Dusek, J., & Carlson, L.E. (2009). The development of demarcation criteria for "meditation". Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 1(2), 129-137 View
  3. Shapiro, S.L. & Carlson, L.E. (2009). The Art and Science of Mindfulness: Integrating Mindfulness Into Psychology and the Helping Professions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. ISBN-13: 978-1433804656 Buy Here
  4. Garland, S.N., Carlson, L.E., Marr, H., & Simpson, S. (2009). Recruitment and retention of palliative care patients and their partners participating in a longitudinal evaluation of a psychosocial retreat program. Palliative and Supportive Care, 2009 Mar;7(1):49-56. doi: 10.1017/S1478951509000078. View
  5. Verhoef, M.J., Trojan, L., Armitage, G.D., Carlson, L., & Hilsden, R.J. (2009). Complementary therapies for cancer patients: assessing information use and needs. Chronic Diseases in Canada,2009;29(2):80-8.View
  6. Carlson, L.E., Labelle, L., Garland, S.N., Hutchins, M.L., & Birnie, K. (2009). Mindfulness-based interventions in oncology. In F. Didonna (Ed.), Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness (pp. 383-405). New York, NY: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-09593-6  Buy Here


  1. Carlson, L.E., Bultz, B. (2008). Mind-body interventions in oncology, Current Treatment Options, 2008 Jun;9(2-3):127-34. doi: 10.1007/s11864-008-0064-2. Epub 2008 Aug 13. View
  2. Grossman, P., Deuring, G., Garland, S.N., Campbell, T.S. & Carlson, L.E. (2008). Patterns of objective physical functioning and perception of mood and fatigue in post-treatment breast cancer patients and healthy controls: An ambulatory psychophysiological investigation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 2008 Sep;70(7):819-28. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e31818106f1. Epub 2008 Aug 25. View


  1. Carlson, L.E., Speca, M., Patel, K.D. & Faris, P. (2007). One year follow-up of psychological, endocrine, immune, and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Brain, Behavior and Immunity, 2007 Nov;21(8):1038-49. Epub 2007 May 22. View
  2. Carlson, L.E. & Speca, M. (2007). Managing daily and long-term stress. In M. Feurestein (Ed.), Handbook of Cancer Survivorship (pp. 339-360). New York, NY: Springer. View
  3. Garland, S., Carlson, L.E., Cook, S., Lansdell, L. & Speca, M. (2007). An non-randomized comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and healing arts programs for facilitating post-traumatic growth and spirituality in cancer outpatients. Journal of Supportive Care in Cancer, 2007 Aug;15(8):949-61. Epub 2007 Jul 5. View
  4. Mackenzie, M., Carlson, L.E., Munoz, M. & Speca, M. (2007). A qualitative study of self-perceived effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a psychosocial oncology setting. Stress and Health, 2007Feb: 23(1), 59-69. DOI: 10.1002/smi.1120 View
  5. Tsang, K., Carlson, L.E. & Olson, K. (2007). Pilot crossover trial of reiki vs. rest for treating cancer-related fatigue. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 2007 Mar;6(1):25-35.View
  6. Verhoef, M.J., Mulkins, A., Carlson, L.E., Hilsden, R.J. & Kania, A. (2007). Assessing the role of evidence in patients' evaluation of complementary therapies. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 2007 Dec;6(4):345-53. View
  7. Carlson, L.E., Campbell, T.S., Garland, S.N. & Grossman, P. (2007). Associations among salivary cortisol, melatonin, catecholamines, sleep quality and stress in women with breast cancer and healthy controls. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 2007 Feb;30(1):45-58. Epub 2007 Jan 24. View


  1. Carlson, L.E. (2006). Book Review: The Psychoneuroimmunology of Cancer by C.E. Lewis., R.M. O'Brian & J. Barraclough. Psycho-Oncology, 15(10), 931-932. 
  2. Carlson, L.E. & Shapiro, S.L. (2006). Mind-Body Interventions. In M. Mulder (Ed.), Integrated Oncology Principles and Practice. Taylor & Francis Group: London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9-78-0-41537-415-6  Buy Here
  3. Culos-Reed, N., Carlson, L.E., Daroux, L.M. & Hately-Aldous, S. (2006). A pilot study of yoga for breast cancer survivors: Physical and psychological benefits. Psycho-Oncology, 2006 Oct;15(10):891-7. 
  4. Garland, S., Carlson, L.E., Simpson, J.S.A. (2006). Effects of a psychosocial multimodal retreat program on the marital relationship and quality of life of palliative cancer patients and their partners. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(1), A-69
  5. Lau, M.A., Bishop, S.R., Segal, Z.V., Buis, T., Anderson, N.D., Carlson, L.E., Shapiro, S., Carmody, J., Abbey, S. & Devins, G. (2006). The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: Development and validation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2006 Dec;62(12):1445-67. View
  6. Minor, H., Carlson, L.E., Mackenzie, M., Zernicke, K. & Jones, L. (2006). Evaluation of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for caregivers of children with chronic conditions. Social Work in Health Care, 2006;43(1):91-109. View
  7. Shapiro, S.L., Astin, J. & Carlson, L.E. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness: A new way of seeing. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2006: 62(3), 373-386. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20237 View
  8. Speca, M., Carlson, L.E., Mackenzie, M.J. and Angen, M. (2006). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) as an Intervention for Cancer Patients In Baer, R. (Ed.) Mindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches: Clinician's Guide to Evedence Base and Applications. Pp 239-261. Academic Press: Boston, MA. View
  9. Tsang, K., Carlson, L.E. & Olson, K. (2006). Pilot crossover of Reiki for treating fatigue in cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 15(S2), S195. 
  10. Van Wielingen, L., Carlson, L. & Campbell, T.S. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and acute stress responses in women with cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 16(S2), S42. 
  11. Van Wielingen, L., Carlson, L. & Campbell, T.S. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and acute stress responses in women with cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(1), A-68.
  12. Grossman, P., Coe, C., Marlatt, G.A. & Carlson, L.E. (2006). Mindfulness-based interventions in psychosomatic medicine: A generic approach to help patients cope with chronic disorder? Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(1), A-2. 
  13. Carlson, L.E., Cooke, S., Lansdell, L., Speca, M., Goodey, E. & Garland, S. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) compared to creative arts in cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(1), A-2. 


  1. Carlson, L.E. (2005). Book Review: Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology by J.H. Daruna. Canadian Psychology, 46(1), 53-55. View
  2. Carlson, L.E. & Brown, K.W. (2005). Validation of a Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 2005 Jan;58(1):29-33. View
  3. Carlson, L.E., Culos-Reed, S.N. & Daroux, L.M. (2005). The effects of therapeutic yoga on salivary cortisol, stress symptoms, quality of life, and mood states in cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(Suppl 1), A-41.
  4. Carlson, L.E. & Garland, S. (2005). Impact of Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress, and fatigue symptoms in cancer out-patients. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2005;12(4):278-85. doi: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_9. View
  5. Mackenzie, M.J., Carlson, L.E. & Speca, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in oncology: Rationale and review. Evidence-based Integrative Medicine, 2(3), 139-145.  View
  6. Trojan, L., Verhoef, M., Carlson, L.E. & Hilsden, R. (2005). Assessing cancer patients use and need for complementary therapy information and the role of scientific evidence. CAM Health Services and Policy Research in Canada New Directions: Abstracts for the First Annual IN-CAM Symposium. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, 2(1), Article 3, p.51.


  1. Bishop, S.R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L.E., Anderson, N., Carmody, J., Segal, Z., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D. & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2004, 11, 230-241. doi:10.1093/clipsy/bph077 View
  2. Carlson, L.E., Speca, M., Patel, K.D. & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrostrone-sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29, 448-474. View
  3. Carlson, L.E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction: Overview and applications in cancer. Biofeedback, 32(3), 42-45. View
  4. Culos-Reed, S., Carlson, L.E., Daroux, L.M. & Hately-Aldous, S. (2004). Discovering physical and psychological benefits of yoga for cancer survivors. International Journal of Yoga Therapy, 14, 45-52. View
  5. Speca, M., Carlson, L.E., Mackenzie, M.J. & Angen, M. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as an intervention for cancer patients. In R. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches: A clinician's guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 239-261). Boston, MA: Academic Press.
  6. Carlson, L.E., Garland, S. & Speca, M. (2004). Improvements in sleep quality in cancer outpatients participating in mindfulness-based stress reduction. Psycho-Oncology, 13(S2), S137. 
  7. Carlson, L.E., Mackenzie, M. & Munoz, M. (2004). Understanding the self-perceived effects of ongoing mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on cancer patients: A grounded theory approach. Psycho-Oncology, 13(S2), S138. 
  8. Carlson, L.E., Garland, S. & Speca, M. (2004). Improvements in sleep quality in cancer outpatients participating in mindfulness-based stress reduction. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66(1), A-80.  


  1. Carlson, L.E., Speca, M., Patel, K.D. & Goodey, E. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(4), 571-581. View
  2. Carlson, L.E., Speca, M., Patel, K.D. & Goodey, E. (2003). The effects of a mindfulness meditation intervention on psychological parameters, quality of life and immune and endocrine functioning in breast and prostate cancer patients. Brain, Behavior and Immunity, 17(3), 164. 
  3. Carlson, L.E., Speca, M., Patel, K.D. & Goodey, E. (2003). The effects of a mindfulness meditation intervention on psychological parameters, quality of life and immune, endocrine, and autonomic functioning in breast and prostate cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 12(4 Suppl), S105. 


  1. Carlson, L.E., Ursuliak, Z., Goodey, E., Angen, M. & Speca, M. (2001). The effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: Six-month follow-up. Supportive Care in Cancer, 9(2), 112-123. View
  2. Simpson, J.S.A., Carlson, L.E. & Trew, M.E. (2001). Impact of a group psychosocial intervention on health care utilization by breast cancer patients. Cancer Practice, 2001 Jan-Feb;9(1):19-26. View


  1. Speca, M., Carlson, L.E., Goodey, E. & Angen, M. J. (2000). A randomized wait-list controlled clinical trial: The effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 613-622. View