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University of Calgary Calendar 2023-2024 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION Course Descriptions A Archaeology ARKY
Archaeology ARKY

For more information about these courses see the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology website: arts.ucalgary.ca/anthropology-archaeology.

Junior Courses
Archaeology 201       Introduction to Archaeology
Basic principles of archaeology. How archaeological remains are located, recovered and interpreted.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Notes:
A supplementary fee will be assessed to cover additional costs associated with this course.
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Archaeology 205       World Archaeology
An overview of Old and New World archaeology; the emergence of humans; development of humans and culture from hunting/gathering to agricultural and ancient urban societies.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Senior Courses
Archaeology 303       Archaeology of North America
Prehistoric cultural developments in North America.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 306       Field Course in Archaeological Techniques
Practical application of modern field techniques in archaeology, including excavation, recording and analysis of sites, artifacts and related materials.
Course Hours:
6 units; (72 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Notes:
May be offered as part of a group study program. Additional fees will be assessed to cover additional costs associated with this course.
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Archaeology 307       Introduction to Ethnoarchaeology
Theory, method, ethics and the contributions of ethnoarchaeological research to archaeology and other disciplines are explored using worldwide examples.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 317       Archaeology of the Ancient Puebloan Southwest
Survey of the Puebloan archaeology of southwestern North America and their pre-Puebloan ancestors. Topics include changes in hunter-gatherer mobility and economy, the rise of agriculture in the American Southwest, the rise of integrative communities and religious belief systems, as well as responses to violence, disease, climate change, and the immigration of non-Puebloan outsiders.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 317 and 427 will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 321       Archaeology of the Plains
Introduction to Canadian Plains archaeology. Processes of cultural and social change on the northern plains over the last 12,000 years from early hunters of Ice–Age megafauna to tribal level farming societies are explored from a Canadian Plains perspective.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 325       Ancient Civilizations
The rise and achievements of the earliest civilizations in both the Old and New Worlds. Emphasis will be placed on the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Mesoamerica and the Andes.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 328       Topics in Archaeology
Examination of contemporary developments in the field of Archaeology. Topics may be drawn from theoretical, methodological, ethical, or regional research frontiers and may critically address the role of archaeology in contemporary society.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 329       Fringe Archaeology
Explores popular, fantastic and alternate interpretations of archaeological remains presented in the press and popular media and analyzes the logical flaws in pseudoscientific explanations. Students hone their critical thinking skills and discover the “real story” about our past revealed by the science of archaeology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 329 and 327.01 (Frauds, Myths & Mysteries) will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 331       Archaeology and the Media
Explores how the ancient world, human evolution, archaeologists, and archaeology are represented in a range of media (e.g., films, books, video games, websites, newspapers). Examines how archaeologists use digital media and social media sites to conduct research, as well as disseminate information to Indigenous communities and the general public.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 331 and 327.02 (Archeology and the Media) will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 335       African Stone Age
Introduction to the African Stone Age, with emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. Major cultural developments are explored through archaeological data, as well as other disciplines, including biogeography and geoarchaeology. Topics include early human origins and the behaviour of early humans during the middle Pleistocene, as well as the Later Stone Age. Focus on major chronological events and the cultural processes that characterize the Paleolithic era on the continent.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 341       Ancient Mexico
Ancient cultures of Mexico, excluding the Maya, from their beginnings to the historic period. Emphasis on the civilizations of the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Teotihuacanos, Toltecs and Aztecs.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 343       The Ancient Maya
Ancient Maya, from their beginnings to the historic period. Emphasis on the Classic Maya civilization, from AD 200-900.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 345       The Legacy of Mesoamerica
Traditional native cultures of Middle America. Emphasis is on technology, social organization, economic systems, religions, arts and languages, particularly in the culture centres of Mexico.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 347       Field Studies in Latin American Archaeology
A general survey of the archaeology of the region and an intensive look at the archaeology of the immediate vicinity, including visits to sites and museums. Content varies according to region in Latin America where course is taught. Individual and group study are interspersed with formal instruction.
Course Hours:
3 units; (36 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Notes:
May be offered as part of a group study program. Additional fees may be assessed to cover additional costs associated with this course.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 395       African Archaeology

African archaeology from the earliest times to the ethnographic present, particularly on Holocene cultures, including hunters and foragers, sedentary farmers, and urban societies.


Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201 or 205.
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Archaeology 399       African Historical Archaeology
Examples of African history are explored using the techniques found in African historical archaeology including oral history and traditions, ethnoarchaeology, genetics, archaeology, historical records and art history.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 415       Lithic Technology
Study and analysis of tools and other artifacts, including their forms, methods of manufacture and use.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201.
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Archaeology 417       Zooarchaeology
The study and analysis of osteological remains used in reconstructing the subsistence strategies of past peoples.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201.
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Archaeology 419       Indigenous Peoples of the Plains
Explores traditional Plains cultures as recorded in ethnographic accounts and First Nations oral traditions.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 419 and Anthropology 419 will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 423       Archaeology of the Arctic
Prehistory/history of N. E. Asia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland. Emphasis will be placed on ecological and ethnographical data.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Archaeology 201, 205, 303.
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Archaeology 437       Paleolithic Archaeology in the Old World
A global survey of Old World prehistoric hunter-gatherers with an emphasis on factual data, analytical techniques, and interpretive trends in the study of the Paleolithic era.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201 or 203.
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Archaeology 439       African Complex Societies
Ancient African complex societies with an emphasis on state development south of the Sahara. Topics include why these states developed, their participation in internal and international systems of exchange, technological developments, belief systems that supported power structures, and the reasons for their collapse. Time period covered is from the rise of the ancient state of Egypt to the colonial period.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Archaeology 440       Ancient Cities in Archaeological Perspective
Exploration of archaeological approaches to ancient cities and urbanism. Uses a cross-cultural perspective to examine features and functions of ancient cities, as well as historical and current theoretical and methodological used to interpret them, and their relevance to studies of modern cities and urbanism.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
History 354 or 3 units labelled Archaeology or Urban Studies.
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Archaeology 443       Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology
An overview of the history of hunter-gatherer studies in anthropology and archaeology. Introduces current theoretical issues in hunter-gatherer research.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201.
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Archaeology 451       Method and Theory in Archaeology
A survey of approaches to the study of the relationship between theory, method, and data in archaeological practice.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201 and 60 units.
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Archaeology 453       Fundamentals of Geoarchaeology
Methods used in geoarchaeology to interpret site and regional context, provenance, stratigraphy, environmental and climatic changes, and principles applied in dating, chemical and isotopic analysis, and remote sensing. Basic principles of sedimentation and soil development explored in experiential learning modules.
Course Hours:
3 units; (2-1)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Archaeology 201, Geography 211, 310, Geology 201, 209.
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Archaeology 471       Ceramic Analysis
The production of pottery: raw materials and techniques. Form, function and decoration. Ceramic ecology. Field processing and sampling. Classification: a survey of approaches. Ceramics and archaeological inference. Practical exercises.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-2)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201.
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Archaeology 490       Current Topics in Archaeology
Examination of current theoretical, methodological, or topical issues in archaeology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 503       Gender in Prehistory
The theoretical background for feminist archaeology and some of the important advances in Old and New World gender studies. Topics include the relationship of gender hierarchy to the rise of the state; contrasts between the ideological representation of gender and culture practice; and an overarching theme of critical analysis relating the present to the past.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 451.
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Archaeology 506       Advanced Archaeological Field Techniques
Training in the more advanced aspects of field work.
Course Hours:
6 units; (72 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201 and 306.
Notes:
A supplementary fee will be assessed to cover additional costs associated with this course.
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Archaeology 515       Paleoethnobotany
The study of ancient plants for food and other purposes through microbotanical remains and ethnobotanical research. Explores uses of microscopic markers such as phytogenic silica and starch granules to reconstruct human ecology, while using ethnobotanical information from traditional knowledge. The emphasis is on the Old World.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 201 and 3 units of courses labelled Archaeology at the 400 level or above.
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Archaeology 531       Advanced Topics in Archaeology
Investigation of various theoretical, methodological, analytical, and/or topical issues in archaeology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 555       Human Osteology
Identification and interpretation of human skeletal and dental remains. Emphasis is on functional anatomy and reconstruction of prehistoric lifeways.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-2)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Anthropology 309, 350, Archaeology 417.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 555 and 613 will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 590       Honours Thesis
Research project under the direction of a member of the Department.
Course Hours:
6 units; (24-48 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to BA or BSc Archaeology Honours program and consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 591       Landscape Archaeology
Human perceptions and uses of the biophysical and cultural environment. The emphasis is on the act of humanizing the environment by naming places, identifying resources, establishing paths, and modifying the natural landscape thereby creating a tradition of land use that can be accessed archaeologically.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 451.
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Archaeology 593       Household Archaeology
Human perceptions and uses of the built environment, particularly residential architecture. The emphasis is on the structure and symbolism associated with the spatial arrangements of objects, activities, and social interactions.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 451.
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Archaeology 595       Problems in Palaeopathology and Palaeonutrition
Patterns of disease in prehistoric human populations with consideration to the interaction of health and nutrition. Techniques for determining disease and nutrition from prehistoric remains are covered.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
9 units Anthropology 201, 350, Archaeology 555 and admission to the Archaeology or Anthropology major.
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Archaeology 597       Independent Study
An independent study course for Archaeology majors under the supervision of a faculty member.
Course Hours:
3 units; (12-36 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to the BA or BSc Archaeology and consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Graduate Courses

Only where appropriate to a student's program may graduate credit be received for courses numbered 500-599.

Archaeology 601       Theoretical Foundations
The philosophy of science, the history of anthropological theory, and a survey of contemporary theoretical approaches in anthropology. Throughout, the relevance to and connections with the subdisciplines of archaeology and biological anthropology will be emphasized.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 603       Seminar on Special Topics
Intensive study of special problems of particular interest to Archaeology Department graduate students. Subject matter for any particular year to be left to the discretion of the Department.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 613       Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains
Methods of analyzing human remains from archaeological contexts with emphasis on identification and description. Lecture, lab and weekly seminar directed to Archaeology graduate students who have not had a previous course in human osteology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T-2)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Archaeology 613 and either 555 or 603.07 (African Ceramic Analyses) will not be allowed.
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Archaeology 615       Topics in Archaeological Theory and Method
The history of archaeological theory and contemporary theoretical and methodological approaches used in archaeological research.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 617       Theory and its Application in Biological Anthropology
Basic issues in the study of human adaptation with a focus on principles of evolutionary biology as they apply to modern studies. Throughout, a bio-cultural approach will be emphasized.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 619       Advanced Topics in Human Osteology
Current developments in interpretation of human skeletal and dental remains. Topics include forensic anthropology, bone biology, and population reconstruction.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Archaeology 555.
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Archaeology 621       Problems in Ethnoarchaeology
Seminar on selected topics relating to ethnoarchaeology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 625       Hunter-Gatherer Adaptations
Intensive study of contemporary and prehistoric hunter-gatherer social and economic adaptations.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
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Archaeology 627       Origins of Agriculture
Intensive study of the origins of agriculture throughout the world.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
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Archaeology 631       The Development of Complex Societies
The rise, development, and collapse of complex societies throughout the world.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 633       Specialized Analyses of Archaeological Materials
Theory and practice for specialized analyses of the physical and chemical composition of archaeological materials, including microscopic traces of use. Topics will cover procedures used to prepare materials for such specialized analyses and to identify the relevant properties, as well as issues of quantification and interpretation.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 635       Social Identity
Social identity is a fundamental theoretical and practical concern for archaeologists, physical anthropologists, and paleoanthropologists. Explores how humans use material culture and material practices to interact in a world ordered by social identities. Students will explore how research in their area of interest has addressed social identities.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 637       Mesoamerican Archaeology and History
Ancient history of Mesoamerica, emphasizing a conjunctive approach based on hieroglyphic, historical and ethnohistorical sources as well as on archaeological evidence.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 639       Stable Isotope Methods in Archaeology
Methods and applications of stable isotope analysis to archaeological research. Topics to be covered include the use of light stable isotopes to determine past and present diet, the use of stable isotopes to document residence and migration, analysis of stable carbon isotopes in soils, stable isotope ecology for environmental reconstruction and paleoclimate studies.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Archaeology 701       Special Topics in World Archaeology
Archaeology of particular geographical areas such as Circumpolar, North America, Mesoamerica, South America, Africa, Oceania, and Europe and Near East.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Archaeology 703       Advanced Seminar in Selected Topics

Course Hours:
3 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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